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Learn all the secrets, stories and processes this amazing blue gemstone experiences to get to you.

Tanzanite Properties, Facts and Myths

Tanzanite stones are graded using the Tanzanite Quality Scale, an internationally recognized system that accurately describes a stone’s color and quality. This aids in assuring you of the worth and authenticity of your Tanzanite. Similar to diamonds, Tanzanite is graded according to the 4 C’s: Color, Clarity, Cut and Carat weight. The higher the combination of these Tanzanite properties, the rarer and more valuable the stone. Whether the gem is being offered to consumers at a traditional jewelry store counter, an internet shopping site or on a television broadcast, the journey always involves a great deal of effort. Countless hours of labor are required for a gem to reach customers from the mine.
Gem Story
Mining Process
Cutting & Polishing

The Blue gemstone origins

The world's only source of this alluring stone is located on one very small patch of land at the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro. Tanzania, a country rich in folklore, boasts an ancient story in which the local Maasai saw a bolt of lightning come down from the sky and strike the ground turning all the rocks to a shimmering blue – Tanzanite.

A Journey Inside Mererani

Tanzanite is commercially mined in only one small area in the Mererani (or Merelani) Hills in Northern Tanzania, at the foothills of Mt Kilimanjaro. Originally, Tanzanite could easily be collected on the surface, but this scavenger mining quickly gave way to pits and now tunnels, some of which extend hundreds of meters beneath the surface.

Professional care

It takes years of training to cut Tanzanite to the point that it can be certified as an ‘excellent cut’, where the stone reflects maximum brilliance. Due to its ability to show either blue or violet from different angles, the cutting process plays a crucial role in displaying the true colors of the gemstone. The cutting direction determines the gem’s overall face-up colour.
Tanzanite Grading System
Once the stone is cut and polished, it has to be graded in a laboratory to determine its quality. The Tanzanite Experience Museum is also home to the Tanzanite Laboratory where all the gemstones are expertly assessed before being made available for purchase.
Frequently Asked Questions

Based on the Moh’s scale of hardness, Tanzanite is 6.5 to 7 meaning it is a slightly soft gemstone needing to be treated with care, similar to Emerald although less brittle, Diamond is the hardest gemstone, scoring a 10 on the scale.

With just a single source and limited supply, it is believed that with the current mining rate, there remains approximately only 15 to 20 more years of Tanzanite in the ground. Ultimately, this indicates that beyond our present generation, the mining of Tanzanite will cease thus those purchasing today are the last generation of first-hand buyers of this precious gemstone.

Whether a Tanzanite is a blue or violet stone is determined by which axis the face of the stone is cut as you can see both colors when you turn the stone around. As it is the same stone there is no difference between the value of one over the other. It is purely down to personal preference.

It should be assumed that all Tanzanite purchases have been gently heated, with the exception of some stones that were found close to the surface in the early days of discovery. These stones were a gem-quality blue without the need for heat treatment as they had already naturally been exposed to heat in the likely form of volcanic activity or bush fires. Today’s gentle heating process is merely a continuation of what Mother Nature began.

Tanzanite is a variety of Zoisite of which the color is brought about by the presence of Vanadium in the gem. When cut and polished, it becomes a dazzling kaleidoscope of royal blue, indigo and periwinkle. Gem Zoisite crystals with other mineral residues inside, such as manganese, chrome or iron, change the composition of the gems causing other colors. These are referred to as Fancy Stones.

Fancy Stones are found in many colors and color combinations. These stones are extremely rare as they are only found sporadically in very small quantities, with pink being amongst the rarest and most highly sought by gem collectors.

New York’s renowned Jewelers, Tiffany & Co, heard about the discovery in Tanzania and were the first to bring the dazzling new gemstone to the world. They christened the new find “Tanzanite” after its country of origin, declaring it to be the most beautiful blue stone to be discovered in over 2000 years. They proudly stated that Tanzanite could only be found in two places on earth, and that is in Tanzania and at Tiffany’s.

Selecting the color of your Tanzanite is a matter of personal preference. The bluest hues are among the rarest, but tanzanite in all shades, from flattering lilac and cornflower blue to deep blue, indigo and violet, continue to enchant discerning jewelry buyers seeking exceptional beauty and distinction.

Like all precious gemstones, Tanzanite should be treated with care to preserve its beauty and value. You can read more about this in our Tanzanite Buying Guide. Ultrasonic cleaning and abrasive cleaning solutions should be avoided. Tanzanite should be cleaned using a small, soft brush and warm, slightly soapy water.

Gently clean the upper and underside of the Tanzanite, and dry carefully with a soft, clean cloth. Tanzanite should not be exposed to sudden extreme temperatures and should be stored in a protective pouch or box separately from other jewelry. When jewelry is being altered or repaired, the Tanzanite should be removed from its setting beforehand.

Geologists currently estimate that the world’s only known source of Tanzanite will run out within one generation. Those who buy Tanzanite within our time will, therefore, be the last of its first-hand owners. If you want to start investing in Tanzanite, take a look at our latest Tanzanite collection

Absolutely! Traditionally, a gemstone must have three important traits to be classified as precious: beauty, rarity and durability. Tanzanite possesses both beauty and durability, and is more than one thousand times rarer than a diamond. Tanzanite is therefore precious in every sense of the word.

Tanzanite is found in a unique kaleidoscope of blues and violets, from deep, dark royal blue with flashes of red, to indigo, cornflower, and periwinkle. The flattering cornflower blue and lilac shades are hugely popular, and a very affordable option.

One of Tanzanite’s properties is that it has a similar hardness to an emerald, but is less brittle. In order to preserve its beauty, simple precautions should be taken, such as avoiding wearing Tanzanite during activities that inflict excessive wear and tear. Tanzanite is ideally suited to be worn for special occasions in dress rings, earrings, and necklaces.

The extraction of the rough Tanzanite stone is conducted through underground mining. There are many large, medium and small, artisanal mining operations in the Merelani district. This includes complexly structured mining and distribution systems for Tanzanite which have evolved over time. Once gem crystals are mined, they are taken to local brokers in the nearby town of Arusha, where they are sold/traded and mostly exported for cutting and distribution.

You can read our article on how Tanzanite is mined to get more in-depth information. A fact about Tanzanite is that the price fluctuates based on local laws. For instance, new Tanzanian laws are attempting to restrict the export of rough Tanzanite crystals over 1 gram, which will encourage the development of local cutting factories, enabling the Tanzanian people to be more involved in the ‘mine-to-market’ flow of Tanzanite.

Extensive geological research indicates that the chances of finding tanzanite in another part of the world are “less than one in a million.”

Tanzanite should be purchased from a reputable dealer and/or should be graded in a laboratory. All Tanzanite gemstones purchased from The Tanzanite Experience come with their own laboratory certificate from The Tanzanite Laboratory.

Tanzanite is the birthstone for December. In 2002, the AGTA (American Gem Trade Association) added the precious stone to its list of birthstones that had been unchanged since 1912. They announced that Tanzanite is the birthstone for the month of December. However, irrespective of the month of their birth, Tanzania’s Maasai women are honored with blue and violet beads when blessed with childbirth – this bestows upon their children a healthy and prosperous life. Following in this tradition, the gift of Tanzanite on the birth of a baby uniquely symbolizes new beginnings and pays tribute to those who have shown the greatest of love by becoming a parent.

All our Tanzanite Experience stores offer duty-free shopping.

Please note that you will be required to produce your passport and the copy of the stamp at your arrival in Tanzania. This offer is only applicable to foreigners and non-resident.

Famous Tanzanite Stones

To commemorate their 175th anniversary Tiffany & Co created this necklace to showcase the rare and precious Tanzanite. The 178.07-carat Tanzanite is complemented by a cascade of 75.77 carate of diamonds.
This piece is set with a matching pair of Tanzanites weighing 30 carats, which can also be worn as earrings. It is part of the collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History in the US.
At 725 ct, L’Heure Bleu is the world’s largest, top-color, natural, unheated tanzanite carving. This extraordinary carving was awarded First Place in Gem Carving from the American Gem Trade Association.
Weighing in at 16,839 carats. (Well over six pounds) and measuring 8.6 inches x 3.15 inches x 2.8 inches, this rough Tanzanite piece is impressive in both size and structure. According to known records, it’s the world’s largest single piece of Tanzanite to have ever been mined.
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